A cigar, strictly speaking, is a bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves that are tightly rolled into various types and sizes. One end is then cut and ignited, allowing smoke to build up and be drawn into the mouth.
How are they made?
The tobacco leaves are “cured” which can take anywhere between a month to a month and a half. The leaves are aged using both heat and shade to reduce their sugar and water content.
The leaves are then “fermented”, which is a process that allows the leaves to dry properly without rotting. It is in this process that the flavours, aromas, and burning characteristics are brought out in the leaf.
Once the leaves are aged to the makers satisfaction, they are then selected to be either a “filler” or a “wrapper”- depending on their appearance and quality. During the process of differentiating the leaves, they will continue to be handled with care and inspected carefully to ensure that they age properly.
The best cigars in the world are hand rolled. A skilled roller has the ability to roll several hundred identical, high quality cigars per day. The roller will ensure that the leaf they use to wrap the cigar with remains moist. Once wrapped, the cigar is placed in a wooden form to dry while their uncapped ends are cut to a specific size.
Understanding the outside and inside of a cigar
Cigars are typically composted of three different types of tobacco. The variations of which, will determine the kind of smoke you will experience.
The outermost layer, is the wrapper. This is the most expensive part of your cigar. The characteristics and flavour is heavily determined by the kind of wrap used to bind it. The colour of the wrapper is determined by how it is grown and matured.
Here are the most common colours of wrappers.
Candela: Extremely light, almost green.
Claro: A light, yellowish tan.
Colorado Claro: Medium brown
Colorado: Reddish brown
Colorado Maduro: Dark Brown
Maduro: Extremely dark brown
Underneath the wrapper, you will find the “Binder”. The binder consists of filler leaves that sit beneath the wrapper.
Cigars don’t only come in one standard shape. In fact, the size and shape is a very typical way of differentiating cigars. These are called the “Vitola” of the cigar. Cigars are measured by both the ring gauge and the length.
These are straight sided cigars. They typically have one open end, and a “capped” end which needs to be cut off before smoking.
Parejos come in plenty of different sizes and shapes, such as The Churchill (after Winston), Corona, Petit Corona, Robusto, and Double Corona.
This classification of cigar consists of any cigar that isn’t completely straight. A few types of Figurado cigars are Pyramids, Belicosos, Torpedos, and Perfectos.
When you buy cigars that you are planning on keeping for a while, you want to be sure they are stored properly. A humidor is the ideal accessory for helping maintain their flavours. Ideally, you want to keep the humidity at 65–70%, and the temperature at about 18 °C (64 °F).
This also affects the burning of the cigar. If the cigar is dried out, it will burn faster and harsher. Conversely, a damper cigar will burn unevenly and even present an acidic flavour.
Most cigars will come with a “cap” at one end. In order to smoke the cigar properly you need to be sure you cut the cap off. This is where a cutter comes in handy. Make sure that you have the cutter placed on the right spot, then in a quick motion, snap the ends shut. There are three basic types of cutters used for cigars: The Guillotine, Punch Cut, and V-Cut.
First, you need to understand which end is which. The head of the cigar is typically closest to the band. The foot, is the end that you light. The best option is to use a torch lighter. However, wooden matches work perfectly fine. Cigarette lighters should be avoided as the flame tends to f*ck with the flavour of the cigar. If you want to go old school with it, use a cedar spill.
When lighting, be sure you are drawing at an even, constant pace, while rotating the cigar. Remember, most people choose not to inhale the smoke.
Smoking a cigar is very much a patient smoking, as I mentioned earlier. The rate of which you smoke is completely up to you. Some people smoke at a puff a minute, some a bit faster, others a bit slower. What you want to do is enjoy the flavours and aromas that you cigar presents you with. Relax, live in the moment, these things are made to be enjoyed.
Coffee with a cigar
Coffee is a great drink to have with a cigar. The drink not only warms your palette, but it enhances the flavours you taste.
Brandy with a cigar
If you are slightly more daring, a nice brandy or scotch goes extremely well with a cigar. You want to be sure that you choose the right combination of cigar and liquor, so that they complement each other and pair nicely. This enhances your experience tremendously.
Where and when do you smoke a cigar? Really, like anything, it’s all about your preference. Some people love to do it by a camp fire, others on their porch. It’s all about where you choose to experience it. Pick a place that is comfortable, and allows you to sit and relax for a little while. Ideally, you would have access to some nice music, a comfy place to sit, and a table to keep your drinks and anything else you might want to have with you.
More specifically referred to as Naga Fireballs, these lights are seen along the Mekong River in Laos and Thailand. They are basketball-sized red fireballs seem to rise silently up from the water, shooting into the air about 100 meters and vanishing. They seem to occur every year around late October and range from thirty to as many as a few thousand! They are revered in Thailand as part of the Buddhist Lenten season.
Every year, Wan Ok Phansa, the final day of the season celebration, huge groups of people line up the bank of the river to watch in hopes of seeing the fireballs rise up from the water. The celebration commemorates the return of Buddha in Naga form, and it is widely believed by some Buddhists that the fireballs are actually the breath of the Naga, a giant sea serpent that awakes every year in honor of the Buddhist Lent. Photos such as these have been taken for years and scientists have many theories on what they depict, but no definitive proof.
Some researchers claim it must be phosphine gas being released from the river bottom, others say it is methane. But either of those would require highly specific environmental conditions and precise concentrations to produce the fireballs. Many scientists just don’t believe that type of precision could be counted on to occur every year in October, at the same place, year after year. There are British reports of the fireballs from the 1960s, and supposedly there are writings in Buddhist temples of the lights occurring long ago. In recent times, the lights have resulted in a boost in tourism as they are fun to watch; even though no one really knows just what it is they are seeing.
In China, “nail houses” are the homes that belong to people who refuse to make room for real estate development which is growing fast lately. This term is actually a pun coined by developers that refers to nails that are stuck in wood, and cannot be pounded down with a hammer.
The owner of this six-floor villa refused to accept the compensation offered by the developer who plans to build a financial center on the site.
Taken in 2007.
An old residential building is surrounded by a newly built ring viaduct in Guangzhou, China.
Taken in 2015.
This "nail house" sits in the middle of a road under construction in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Taken in 2015.
An elderly couple refused to allow their house to be demolished, so it’s now the only building left standing on the road paved through their village in the Zhejiang province.
Taken in 2012.
Cao Wenxia, the owner of this "nail house" in Hefei, lights firecrackers to celebrate the Chinese New Year. A bulldozer used to demolish nearby buildings sits ominously close.
Taken in 2010.
The last house in this area of Guangzhou stands in the middle of a construction site where an apartment complex will be built.
Taken in 2007.
A partially demolished "nail house" sits on a construction site in Anhui province while the owner seeks more compensation.
Taken in 2010.
According to local media, the brothers who own this house did not reach an agreement about how to allocate the government compensation, so they haven’t signed a relocation agreement.
Taken in 2016.
The last house in this area stands in front of a shopping mall in central China's Hunan province.
Taken in 2007.
The owners of the house filed but lost a lawsuit against the developer of the land, which will be used for a high-rise-apartment project.
Taken in 2008.
When this photo was taken, Zheng Meiju, the owner of the building pictured, had been living without electricity or water for six months, according to local media.
Taken in 2013.
This "nail house" is surrounded by a ditch at a construction site for a new residential compound in Hubei province.
Taken in 2008.
The banner on this house reads, "strongly requesting the government to punish the developer who demolished my house, give back my home."
Taken in 2008.
A woman walks past a “nail house” on the outskirts of Nanjing, where the land will be used for a wetland project, according to local media.